In many homes, a dog or the dogs almost literally become members of our family. Be cautioned that treating them as humans at mealtimes can cause major injury to them by our good intentions to spoil them with scraps from our dinner plates. In this article, we will take a look at some of the most dangerous foods for your dog, how these foodstuffs affect their bodies, and what to do with your pet in the case of an emergency.
1. Raisins and Grapes
• Raisins and grapes may cause damage to kidneys that is irreversible, and possibly even cause death.
• Though toxic doses have not been established especially since sensitivity is dependent upon the particular dog. It should be noted that a 20-pound dog eating as few as 4-5 grapes can be fatally poisoned.
• Some signs of animal toxicity include loss of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea, decreased urine production, vomiting (possibly leading to lack of urine production), weakness, and a drunken gait.
• Signs of toxicity can start within 24 hours and can also be noticeable in as little as a few hours after the consumption of the raisins and grapes
• Toxicity treatment includes aggressive supportive care – particularly fluid therapy and medications. The veterinarian could start by inducing vomiting or gastric lavage (pumping the animals’ stomach).
2.Onions and Garlic
• When your dog consumes Onions, this can cause the destruction of red blood cells. Kidney damage is likely to follow. Your veterinary source would term this as a form of hemolytic anemia called Heinz body anemia.
• Toxicity may also occur from similar foods such as chives and garlic.
• It is not certain the number of onions that are poisonous, but the effects can be cumulative. Poisoning can result whether these items are raw, dehydrated, or are cooked. Avoid feeding table scraps and especially any foods prepared with onions (which includes some baby foods). Check those ingredients!
• Signs are secondary to anemia, such as rapid heart rate, pale gums, weakness, or lethargy. Other symptoms include bloody urine, vomiting, and diarrhea.
• Treatment: Oxygen administration may be necessary, followed by specific fluid therapy and in some instances, blood transfusions.
3. Sugars and Corn Syrups
Various sugars and corn syrup that includes Fructose, fruit juices, etc.. EVEN ORGANIC IS BAD! It’s is not known to be not poisonous; however, it is a fast track to cancer and diabetes. These harmful syrups do not include Honey or Blackstrap Molasses, as small amounts of these are known to be healthy for dogs. Honey or Blackstrap molasses should only be administered in small quantities but never for a dog with cancer. You should take special note that Corn Syrup is okay if a dog becomes Hypoglycemic. Another word Corn Syrup for emergencies! This would be especially true for a diabetic dog.
4. Caffeinated Items
• Caffeine is very much like toxic chemical in chocolate. Caffeine can damage the lungs, heart, central nervous system, and a dog’s kidney.
• Some of the more common sources of toxicity include coffee beans, coffee, caffeine pills, and large amounts of tea, or chocolate.
• Typical signs of trouble begin with hyperactivity, restlessness, and vomiting. These symptoms can be followed by what appears to be a drunken gait, panting, increased heart rate, weakness, muscle tremors, or convulsions.
• Your vet will most likely induce vomiting or perform gastric lavage. Treatment often includes the administration of activated charcoal followed by supportive care such as fluid therapy and medications.
You may not know it, but walnuts can cause gastric intestinal upset or even an obstruction in your dog’s body? Walnuts also can contain toxic chemical products produced by fungi known as (tremorgenic mycotoxins). These toxic chemical products that are produced by this fungi can cause your pet to experience neurological symptoms or seizures. Just because this nut and other food you enjoy are tasty most certainly doesn’t mean they’re good for your pet!
6. Xylitol (Chewing Gum)
• Chewing gum and candy nearly always contain Xylitol, which is a sugar-free sweetener.
In dogs, Xylitol ingestion can also cause severe liver damage. It also is known to stimulate the pancreas, which creates the organ to secrete insulin, resulting in hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
• A pack of gum can cause liver damage to a dog. As few as two pieces of gum can cause hypoglycemia (critically low levels of sugar in the blood) to a 20-pound dog.
• Signs of toxicity can occur within 30-60 minutes and include Loss of appetite (anorexia), Increased hunger, Visual instability, such as blurred vision, Disorientation, and confusion may show an apparent inability to complete basic routine tasks, Weakness, low energy, loss of consciousness Seizures (rare), Anxiety, Restlessness, Tremor/shivering, Heart palpitations weakness, drunken gait, collapse and seizures.
• Your vet is highly likely to induce vomiting or perform gastric lavage. The affected dog will generally be treated intravenously with dextrose (sugar) and monitored closely for 1-2 days. Many dogs improve with supportive care if treated early enough, though liver damage can be permanent. Your veterinarian will undertake a chemical blood profile, a complete blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis.
7. Mustard Seeds
One of the leading causes of gastroenteritis is feeding a pet table scraps or “people” food. This condition can be caused when your pet ingests things like mustard seeds as an example? Gastroenteritis is usually the direct result of a pet that eats a large amount of these. This consumption of mustard seeds would require you to take your pet to the Veterinarian as soon as possible. You must always be careful when feeding your pet leftovers, as a lot of foods do contain mustard or mustard seeds. To clarify mustard is a plant that in some forms is healthy for your pet while in contrast, in other forms, can be toxic. Dogs can safely eat mustard greens if they are properly prepared; however, as previously stated, mustard seeds are toxic to dogs. Then too; mustard powder and the condiment mustard are sometimes used by Veterinarians to induce vomiting to get a poisonous substance out of the dog’s body.
8. Rhubarb Leaves
Rhubarb (pie plant) leaves are highly poisonous to your dogs. This plant contains a substance called oxalate which is present in the leaves of the rhubarb plant. This poison is a soluble oxalate that contains oxalic acid and oxalate salts. If your dog eats it, the oxalate is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream and can cause severe problems with your pet. If you grow rhubarb in your garden, it is imperative that you ensure that your pet does not go near it. Clinical signs of this type of poisoning include inappetence, drooling, diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy, tremors, weakness, bloody urine, and changes in urination and thirst.
We have discussed earlier that cheese, bacon, and other high-fat foods can cause pancreatitis, which can develop into an often fatal condition. The salt content in these foods is also a bad treat choice, as they can cause serious stomach upset if eaten by your dog. When salty food is eaten by the large dog breeds, a potentially fatal condition called bloat is of concern. Bloat is brought on when a dog drinks too much water as a result of the salty bacon (or other salty food items such as ham, cured meats, hot-dogs, etc.). The stomach will fill up with a tremendous amount of gas and within hours can twist around on itself, causing the dog to die. So if you want them to live, no more bacon, bacon grease, ham or other salty, rich meats for your dogs.
10. Apricot Pits
Apricots might be a super healthy fruit for humans; however, they are best kept away from your pet. When you are finished eating this fruit, make sure to always dispose of the pit in a location where your pet cannot get to it. Something like a secure garbage bin would be a great consideration. The large pit from the apricot can very easily cause your pet to choke, and could result in the animal’s death! Your dog doesn’t know this fruit has a pit inside but given a chance, certainly knows it will taste good!
11. Raw eggs
There are a couple of problems that could arise when your dog consumes raw eggs. The first problem is the probability of food poisoning from bacteria strains such as Salmonella or E. coli. On the other hand, it would be fair to note that dogs have a shorter digestive tract than humans and as such are not as likely to suffer from the effects of food poisoning, but it is still a possibility. The second issue is an enzyme in a raw egg can interfere with the absorption of a specific B vitamin. This lack of intake could cause skin problems and problems with your dog’s coat if fresh eggs are ingested for long periods. So, if you do raw eggs, it would be best to use ORGANIC EGGS. Lightly Scrambled eggs are even better in moderation, of course.
12. Corn on the Cob
In this case, the cob is more of the problem when it comes to being dangerous for your puppy. Many dogs inadvertently ingest too much of the cob and end up suffering from extreme intestinal obstruction. Corn on the cob is one of the more common ways a dog can get a blocked intestine. The dog bites off a piece of the cob an inch or so long and swallows it. The corn is digested off the cob in the stomach, and the cob is left to block the small intestinal tract and is like a golf ball or scrubbing pad trying to scrape its way down the digestive tract. This is seen in veterinarian offices often and can kill the dog–if not removed surgically.
So, the question is – can dogs eat beans? Yes, they can eat beans; however, not all types of beans. You can give your dog some beans occasionally to allow them to get additional nutrients. Too many beans, however, can cause just as much gas in your dog as they would in a person. Remember, when it comes down to human foods, they should only be the occasional dog treat in limited quantities. Beans do not pose any known health complications to the dogs; in fact, they provide dogs with a different range of proteins that would be in addition to those proteins contained in their meaty meals. However, you should realize that not all beans are good for consumption by your dog. For example, you must keep your dog away from both baked beans as well as coffee beans. These beans are harmful because the baked beans have tomato sauce, which is not good for your dog, and coffee beans have caffeine, which can cause poisoning to your dog.
This fruit, although flavorful, is not as popular in the U.S. as it is in Asia; however, certain varieties are native to the Midwest, and the Asian varieties grow very well in California. What is essential to know about this fruit is that there is a chemical found in persimmons that can interact with an animal’s stomach acid that creates a gluey mass that can obstruct the intestines. It is a rare occurrence, but it’s still best to keep your dog away from persimmons regardless.